For the last few years, the NCGA has operated more secretively, so we still don't know for sure what will be on the calendar for this session. You can find the official legislative calendar (currently almost completely empty) here.
In the absence of official information, we are left drawing our own conclusions about what legislation will come up for consideration this year. Here are some of the hot topics, as far as we know right now:
The budget: In theory the Short Session is all about the budget. However, it seems as though the budget has been wrapped up behind closed doors by the Republican leadership.
Constitutional amendments: Rumors have been afoot for a while that several amendments to the North Carolina Constitution may be voted on during this session and if approved, added to the November ballot this year. These include an amendment to end judicial elections and allow for judges to be appointed by government officials. Other rumored amendments include a proposal to enshrine voter ID restrictions into the NC Constitution, a maximum state income tax rate of 5.5%, and an amendment to enshrine the right to hunt and fish (source and further information here)
Education: Will today's rally keep education at the front of our legislators' minds? We don't know, but we can hope that the debate that has been kickstarted by our teachers leads to renewed attention to the topic of North Carolina's public education system.